I’ve been quite busy this whole day with a partially complete database dump and wanted to prepare for tomorrow with some ninja bash voodoo shizzle. I’m doing a braindump here because I know I’ll have forgotten this when I wake up tomorrow 🙂
The command stated below was the first working example I’ve gotten together, please let me know if you know a neater / better solution!
This post will mostly serve as a reference for future posts, the goal is to create the simplest HTTPS webserver possible, which will serve to test certificates, authentication via private keys and in the end; configure SSL offloading to an Apache HTTPD, which will act as a proxy between your client and the secure endpoint. GOAL: At the end of this article, you will have a running secure web server which you can access via your web browser and/or via an SSL client. Continue reading “Create a simple HTTPS server with OPENSSL S_SERVER”
Sed is very very powerful, which is a good thing to be aware of.
I was looking to compare the output of a sed command to the original file before I wanted to execute the sed command directly on the file and came across this handy trick.
It works by using temporary named pipes inside the diff command.
Contents of file:
[code title=”contents of numbers.txt:”]
If I just want to remove the line which begins with “Four”, I can check my sed command like this:
[code title=”Terminal output:”]
$ diff <(sed ‘/Four/d’ numbers.txt) numbers.txt
Awesome possum, now I know my sed command won’t destroy anything.
This approach works in several distros, I’ve been using it in Ubuntu for a while and just used it in Fedora as well.
As a developer, you might need to switch between java versions often, this approach will come in handy then.
We will be using the command “alternatives”, in this case to check the configuration of your Java installation. The default is most often OpenJDK, while you might need Oracle Java.
Run “alternatives –display java” to see which versions you can currently choose from:
[joris@today ~]$ alternatives –display java
java – status is manual.
link currently points to /usr/java/latest/bin/java
Current `best’ version is /usr/lib/jvm/java-1.8.0-openjdk-220.127.116.11-3.b13.fc21.x86_64/jre/bin/java.
There’s no Oracle Java yet, make sure you’ve installed Oracle Java. If you haven’t, you can check this blog post: Install Oracle Java in Fedora, Red Hat or CentOS using Yum and RPM
When Oracle Java is installed, you can add it to your alternatives: “sudo alternatives –install /usr/bin/java java /usr/java/latest/bin/java 20000”
Please note: I used “latest” in the command above, another options is to specifically set the version you want. This way you can install several JDK’s and switch as shown below.
When that is finished, you can select your current flavour of Java:
[joris@today ~]$ sudo alternatives –config java
There are 2 programs which provide ‘java’.
* 1 /usr/lib/jvm/java-1.8.0-openjdk-18.104.22.168-3.b13.fc21.x86_64/jre/bin/java
+ 2 /usr/java/latest/bin/java
Enter to keep the current selection[+], or type selection number:
Choose the option you want to switch between Java versions.
As mentioned by enkouyami, please check if you need to use update-java-alternatives instead of alternatives. The use of alternatives was valid when I wrote the post, but might not be working anymore!
This is a fairly handy trick.
I’m always logging in to different servers, which all have a different location for their logs. With this trick you can login and just type “cd logs” from anywhere.
First we will add our directory to the CDPATH variable:
$ echo $CDPATH
$ export CDPATH=/data/share/my_domain
$ echo $CDPATH
Then we’ll check if it is working:
$ cd logs
Awesome, we’ve arrived in our logs directory straight from our homedir!
This article shows how to execute remote commands via ssh, but you’ll send the commands from your own shell.
ssh my_server ‘ls -l /home/my_home_dir’
This will result in this output:
$ ssh ae2 ‘ls -lha ~’
drwxr-xr-x 2 joris joris 4.0K Jan 23 11:42 .
drwxr-xr-x. 5 root root 4.0K Jan 23 11:41 ..
-rw-r–r– 1 joris joris 54 Jan 23 11:41 .bash_logout
-rw-r–r– 1 joris joris 507 Jan 23 11:41 .bash_profile
-rw-r–r– 1 joris joris 213 Jan 23 11:41 .bashrc
-rw——- 1 joris joris 51 Jan 23 11:42 .history
-rw-r–r– 1 joris joris 171 Jan 23 11:41 .kshrc
-rw-r–r– 1 joris joris 375 Jan 23 11:41 .profile
-rw-r–r– 1 joris joris 153 Jan 23 11:41 .vimrc
What’s even better, is that you can run multiple commands separated with a semi colon, like this:
ssh my_server ‘ls -l /home/my_home_dir;whoami’
And the best trick is this one, user input with an interactive command, sending input and output back and forth!
ssh -t my_server ‘vi ~/.bash_profile’
Everybody knows that the java executable is located in /usr/bin/java , but what if you need the JDK / JRE location itself?
Just using “whereis” will not get you there, that will point you to the /usr/bin/java point.
So, let’s find out a but more about /usr/bin/java:
ls -l /usr/bin |grep java
Awesome, this will lead us somewhere, it’s a symlink to /etc/alternatives/java
So let’s do the same there:
ls -l /etc/alternatives/ |grep java
And we’ve hit the jackpot, among the lines here, there’s a bunch of lines pointing us to the JRE location:
As you can see in the screenshit, our java executable within the JRE location is:
There’s a simple way to create aliases in a SSH config file. This way you can connect way easier to different hosts, combined with this blog post to use keys to log in.
Where you used to use this connect string: