Citrix Workspace (ICAClient) no sound/audio in Microsoft Teams

Since last week I am working with a virtual desktop (VDI) through Citrix Workspace (ICAClient) and noticed I can not use Teams to call or join meetings.

This message is displayed in Microsoft Teams:

There’s a problem with your connection.
Still connecting to remote devices. Calling isn’t available yet.

Cause: HDX Optimized audio does not work

If you want to skip straigt to the solution, click here: Solution: Change MSTeamsRedirSupport to zero

How to diagnose if the cause is the same as what I encountered

Log in to your VDI, play some sounds AND talk into your microphone to make sure your audio is actually working. Check this via the sound mixer, that’ll show a moving bar if it’s receiving sound by your microphone. Speakers should work when you watch a random youtube movie.

Next; Open MS Teams and click the “Three dots” settings menu, choose About, then Version. When your Workspace and Teams are expecting HDX to work but it didn’t, you will see this message: Citrix HDX Not Connected

MS Teams, Settings – About – Version: “Citrix HDX Not Connected”

Note: If it would be working, you would have seen Citrix HDX Connected

The third option is if Teams does not expect Citrix HDX to work, then it simply doesn’t show anything about Citrix HDX and tunnels sound over the regular sound channels. This is what we want to accomplish in the next chapter.

There is a registry entry MSTeamsReditSupport, which is set every time you connect to your VDI with Citrix Workspace. From what I understand; Citrix Workspace communicates to your VDI that it is capable to receive HDX optimized audio streams. Next to that MS Teams checks that registry setting when it is started to use/not use HDX optimized audio.

Solution: Change MSTeamsRedirSupport to zero

Change MSTeamsRedirSupport to 0 (zero) in registry. The exact location of this registry entry is here:

It’s a bit tedious to open Registry Editor every time, so you can also create a registry entry file MSTeamsRedir.reg
In this file you can paste this content:

Windows Registry Editor Version 5.00


Remember; You should run MSTeamsRedir.reg every time you connect to the machine or when you restart MS Teams.

Why is this a problem?

I do not know exactly, but I know that the HDX optimized socket on my laptop can not be reached contact the VDI and I tried searching for a solution for a couple of hours. I then became fed up with HDX optimized sockets and thought about buying a macbook to just make the damn thing work. After that short existential crisis I kept searching for a possible solution and was happy to find this registry setting.

My emotions with Linux after figuring stupid things out which simply work on other OS’s

What I’ve tried and did not work:

1.) Run Citrix supplied and see if you have all the libs installed, I tried installing all libs manually and in the end still had no HDX optimized sound in my VDI. You can run this command via the following path:

2.) Install older version of Citrix Workspace, which didn’t use the HDX optimization and thus sound worked in all applications. I did encounter some bugs with full-screen not working properly on a bigger monitor. The version I used is linked below:
Download icaclient_19.12.0.19_amd64.deb via
Direct link to the download:

Sources: Enable optimization of Microsoft Teams How to collect Logs for Citrix Workspace app for Linux?

Vagrant proxy through CNTLM on Windows using CYGWIN

Wow, talk about a crappy post title, but I just got this working on my corporate network and was quite happy about it.
Reason for this post; Every time I start a new assignment at a (rather big) corporation, I need to follow these steps to be able to access the internet from my vm’s.
(and I keep forgetting the steps, I’m getting old..)
What we’ll use to get this working:

  • Cygwin :
  • Vagrant :
  • Virtualbox :
  • Cntlm :

I’m running CentOS vm’s inside Vagrant with Virtualbox provisioning on Cygwin on Windows 7. I’m running Cntlm to create a local proxy for all stuff what I’m doing through cygwin, because I don’t like putting clear text passwords in bashrc or in Win / Bash variables.


  1. Get your corporate proxy URL (Via Google Chrome)
  2. Configure Cntlm
  3. Configure Cygwin
  4. Configure Vagrant
  5. Use teh interwebs from your VM, practicing ninja turtle coding skillz and be instantly awesome!!1!

Continue reading “Vagrant proxy through CNTLM on Windows using CYGWIN”

Cygwin – Your group is currently mkpasswd

This message occurs every time you start your freshly installed Cygwin when you’re logged in as a domain user.

Your group is currently "mkpasswd".  This indicates that your
gid is not in /etc/group and your uid is not in /etc/passwd.
The /etc/passwd (and possibly /etc/group) files should be rebuilt.
See the man pages for mkpasswd and mkgroup then, for example, run
mkpasswd -l [-d] >> /etc/passwd
mkgroup  -l [-d] >> /etc/group
Note that the -d switch is necessary for domain users.

Important: You need to install Cygwin with the user you are logged in with.
: Remove the word “setup” from the cygwin executable to be able to install it without administrator privileges. (e.g. setup-x64.exe should be renamed to cygwin-x64.exe)

  • mkpasswd -l only shows my local users, and not the domain user I’m logged in with, so that does not solve this.
  • mkpasswd -l -d get an enormous amount of users because it tries to replicate my whole organisation, which is not necessary.

We just need our current user ( mkpasswd -c ) to be sent to the /etc/passwd and /etc/group files, to do this, we use this command:


mkpasswd -c >> /etc/passwd
mkgroup -c >> /etc/group

After that, our current account is added to both /etc/passwd and /etc/group and the annoying greeting message is gone!

Run UltraVNC as user, prevent "No Password"

I wanted to run UltraVNC on my laptop to share the screen towards my desktop computer. I have no administrator rights on this pc but I can run the standalone UltraVNC server fine.
To run it without admin rights, download the zip file from the latest version from here, choose the “bin zip” downloads for your OS at the bottom of the page.
When you run winvnc.exe, the following message presented itself in a pop-up:

No password has been set & this machine has been preconfigured to prevent users from setting their own.
You must contact a System Administrator to configure WinVNC properly.

WinVNC No Password popup
Screenshot – WinVNC No Password popup

This means you need to set the password first, but you need to run WinVNC to be able to set the password (kind of a Catch 22 there)
Add the contents below in a new file called ultravnc.ini in the same folder as winvnc.exe and your password is set to “nopassword” (without the quotes). You can now startup WinVNC by doubleclicking winvnc.exe.

; both passwords are "nopassword"

Important: Do change your password in the settings when you can run WinVNC!

Screenshot - WinVNC Administrator Settings
Screenshot – WinVNC Administrator Settings

Windows 7 – Downloads folder refreshes really slowly

So this is a nuisance for quite a while, when you open the Downloads folder on Windows 7 it takes a long time before the contents is displayed. It keeps taking longer and longer when there are more and more items there.
Apparently this is because the folder is optimized for Pictures. You can change this setting by right clicking the Downloads folder and choose properties. Then select the tab “Custimize” and look at the setting “Optimize this folder for:”
The folder contents is instantanious when you change that to “General Items”.

Format Painter shortcut in Microsoft Excel

I’ve been working in Excel a lot the past weeks and often need to fix the formatting. A nice little trick to copy the formatting for a cell, row or column is the format painter, but it’s a hassle to keep clicking on all the ribbons to actually press the button! It was one of the few things in Excel where I would use the mouse.

Screenshot - Microsoft Excel - Format Painter
Screenshot – Microsoft Excel – Format Painter

There is an easier way to “Format Paint”:
Right click Format Painter, and click “Add to Quick Access Toolbar”, as shown in the next screenshot:
Screenshot - Microsoft Excel - Format Painter - Add to QAT
Screenshot – Microsoft Excel – Format Painter – Add to QAT

After this step, you will have a small button at the top of your screen with the Format Painter, which you can access via “Alt + <<NUMBER>>”,
in my case it’s “ALT + 4”:
Screenshot - Microsoft Excel - Format Painter in the QAT
Screenshot – Microsoft Excel – Format Painter in the QAT